Nepal undoubtedly is one of the high choice destinations for tourists across the world. The tourism industry generates employment for tens of thousands of people and contributes significantly to Nepal’s economy with appreciable trickle-down effect.
It is beyond debate that Nepal is rich in terms of natural and cultural heritages. Nepal is the country of Mt. Everest, the highest mountain in the world, and seven other mountains higher than 8,000 metres. It has numerous fast flowing rivers that offer unlimited adventure opportunities for the tourists.
Nepal has diverse geographical terrain with altitudes ranging from 70 m to 8848 m above sea level. With the ascent of every 165 m, there is change of temperature by 1°C. So various types of climates can be experienced within a small area with a rich diversity in flora and fauna. Tourists love all of these attributes, and not to mention the friendly attitude of most Nepalese.
Despite all these strengths, all is not well with Nepal’s tourism industry. It is far from developed owing to political instability, policy inconsistency and inefficient management. The government does not seem to accord tourism high priority though it holds the potential to transform the national economy. The natural and cultural heritages and tourist attractions either remain unidentified or underdeveloped.
Tourism infrastructure suffers from a deficiency. The poor state of Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) and the primitive condition of air links and transport into and across the country are a case in point. The Nepal Tourism Board, the authority responsible for tourism development in the country, has failed to play an effective role, thanks to politicisation. The board has been left leaderless for the past several months. Tourism service providers suffer from a rent seeking attitude, consequently the quality of service is far from satisfactory, let alone competitive.