Annapurna Region lies in the western part of Nepal about 200km in distance, west of Katmandu valley and north of pokhara valley. Encircling by massive mountains, the Annapurna 1st (8091m) and Dhaulagiri (8167m) , isolated by Kali Gandaki River distinguished as a deepest gorge on earth become the matter of further investigation. This perfect Annapurna region provides the perfect mix of culture and nature taste, where beauty is fest to wonders.
The Annapurna trekking is widely well-known tourist destination in Nepal due to its fascinating land of biodiversity, the scenic grandeur in combination with the multi-culture and multi-ethnic diversity stands in abundance radiant beauty on its account of the total area mixed up with incredible rewarding distinction from low land to upper highland. The upper sub-alpine grassland protects some of the endangered 101 species of mammals including snow leopards, musk deer, Tibetan Argali, Tibetan wolf, and Tibetan fox and blue sheep. Other area of the region protects 474 species of birds including 38 species of birds at risk in Nepal such as six species of multi-colored Himalayan pheasants, Golden eagle, Demoiselle crane, Indian tree pie amongst a whole host of other birds, butterflies and insects,41 species of reptile , and 23 species of amphibian have been recorded in this region. More than 56 species of flowering plants are endemic to the area and have been recorded more than 3,430 species of flora in the conservation area.
This region is the home to over 150,000 inhabitants from over 10 ethnic groups (Tibet- Burmese:-Gurung, Thakali, Bhotia, Ethnic Tibetan, and magar; Manangi and Indo Aryan; Brahmin, Kshetri, Kami, Damai and sarki), of which ethnic backgrounds have ruined a livelihood out of its gentle hillside. The abundance of culture and religion are different from lowland to highland. The upper hills are Buddhist with traces of their ancient, semantic faith still apparent but the communities live further south and lowland are predominantly Hindu. The dawn of tourism and the economic migration increase the human populations in this area symbolized environmental deterioration. With the aims to protect environment and reserved some place for endangered creature for their existence as well as to improve local living standard. King Mahendra trust for Nature conservation in 1968 launched Annapurna conservation area project.